I’m looking for a land surveyor because…

  1. I sell my condominium, my house, my duplex, triplex, quadruplex, my residential building, my commercial or industrial building (see “certificate of location” section).
  2. I wish to sell my sixplex in two separate triplexes (see “transformation in divided co-ownership ─ cadastral operations section”).
  3. I am applying for Mortgage Financing or Refinancing (see “certificate of location” section).
  4. I apply for a permit from the municipality for work on my building (see the sections “implantation project” and “certificate of location”).
  5. I wish to go from undivided co-ownership to divided Co-ownership (see “transformation in divided co-ownership cadastral operations” section).
  6. I am building a new property or I make an extension to my existing property on a small land. The city asks me for a plan (see the sections “implantation project” and “certificate of location”).
  7. I have the permit of the municipality and I want to make sure that the construction of my building or my extension will be in accordance with the plan presented to the municipality (see “implantation ─ construction survey”).
  8. A landscape architect comes to do some special work at home (see “implantation ─ construction survey”).
  9. I would like to install an above-ground pool, a shed, a garage, a fence or a hedge (see “staking section).
  10. I wish to know the limits of my land compared to those of my neighbors (see “staking” section).
  11. I would like to know the layout or the diameter of certain objects on my land such as trees, low walls, columns, cornices, etc… (see “technical description” section)
  12. I wish to create an easement, to acquire a particular use, or to forbid to build etc.. (see “technical description” section).
  13. I would like to know, or the municipality asks me, the height of my roof, comics or floors in relation to the sidewalk, the street, the neighbors, etc. (see “alignment and levels” section).
  14. I wish to convert my building to divided or undivided co-ownership (see “transformation in divided co-ownership ─ cadastral operations” section).
  15. I need a letter explaining some survey points, to present to a third party, a municipality, or a company (see expert report section).
  16. I wish to divide my land, which has only one lot into several lots (see “subdivision project” section).

Alignment and levels

This document is a topographic map showing your property, what is on your property and the properties nearby.

It shows the position and the height of several buildings, it locates various elements of the street furniture (sidewalks, trees, hydrant, etc.) and describes the altimetry (levels) of the terrain.

“Alignment and Levels” is used by architects and licensees to prepare architectural plans and license applications for the municipality.


Implementation ─ Construction surveying

This type of work mainly consists of implanting (locating – placing) on a piece of land a building, a structure or an extension.

The Installation is used to ensure that this construction or the installation of an accessory (swimming pool, shed garage, etc.) will be positioned at the intended location and that the construction will respect the front, side and rear margins required by the municipality.

The installation is also used, by the landscape architect, when landscaping a land.


Certificate of location

This basic document for any owner, represents the current status of your property. It is required primarily in a real estate transaction (eg, sale of property) and / or mortgage financing or refinancing.

Given the importance of this document, the College of Land Surveyors of Quebec has prepared the “Regulation respecting the standard of practice for a certificate of location” under the “Land Surveyors Act”.

Certificate of location of a property (buildings of all kinds)

It may also be required when applying for a permit to the municipality, during renovation or expansion of the building and even when you are performing the landscaping of your land.

To carry out this document, the land surveyor verifies the following:

  • The conformity of the delimitation of the land with the titles, cadastral plans and survey documents consulted;
  • Description and positioning of the building, galleries, staircases, swimming pool, hedge, fence, shed, garage, etc… to check their conformity;
  • The consultation of the various municipal by-laws easements and various laws, which affect your right of property.

In order to realize such a document the land surveyor must carry out the following work:

  • Raised on the plot of the building, shed, swimming pool, fences, landmarks, etc… which are located on your land. We must also measure the capacity of several neighboring and surrounding properties (street (s), lane), in order to cover a territory large enough to know the occupation of the premises. This work, carried out according to the rules of the art, requires a measurement of an average duration of three to four hours;
  • Searches in the Quebec Land Registry online to view different titles, cadastral maps and information about surveying carried out on or near your property;
  • Research in the municipality, regulations affecting your immovable and, in certain cases, certain surveying documents;
  • Consultation of the various laws and regulations affecting your right of ownership;
  • Land surveys, field surveys, title Information, cadastral maps and previous survey work, are all necessary to properly delimit the boundaries of your land;
  • Report by the land surveyor who analyzes and comments on all the work that has been done by his team;
  • The production of such a document requires, on average, a dozen hours;
  • It is for this reason that your “Certificate of Location” which dates from more than 10 years can be to be redone. It is a very important document in the file regarding your property.
  • If problems are discovered during the certificate of location”, the land surveyor is there, to guide you in the best resolution of these.

Certificate of location for a divided co-ownership

This certificate of location concerns a dwelling, a business a parking lot or a storage space that you own and which are identified by a private lot number (for the apartment, for certain parking lots and storage) and Common lot for all that is in the common part of the condominium (in same cases parking and storage are there.)

The surveyor to complete this document checks the following:

  • The conformity of the delimitation of your private party(ies) according to the declaration of co-ownership and the cadastral plans;
  • The description of your private party(ies);
  • A description of the easements that affect your right of ownership;

In order to realize such a document the land surveyor must carry out the following work:

  • (S) of the private part(s). This work carried out according to the rules of the art requires a measurement of an average duration of one to two hours;
  • Searches in the Quebec Land Registry online, to view different titles, cadastral maps and information about previous surveys carried out on your property;
  • Land analysis to find all information regarding previous titles, sales, cadastral plans and surveys to verify compliance with the boundaries of your unit;
  • Production of the plan;
  • Report by the land surveyor who analyzes and comments on all the work that has been done by his team.

If the parking(s) and the storage(s) for exclusive use are located in the common lot, they will be mentioned in the certificate of location, without being measured;

The production of such a document requires an average ten hours.

It is for this reason that your Certificate of Localization which dates from more than 10 years, can be to be redone. It is a very important document in the file regarding your property.

If problems are discovered during the “certificate of location”, the land surveyor is there, to guide you in the best resolution of these.

Certificate of location for an undivided co-ownership:

This certificate of location concerns a dwelling, a business, a parking lot or a storage space on which you have an exclusive right of use. Your right of ownership relates to common parts for exclusive use that are located in a building and that are not identified by a lot number.

This type of certificate of location on the land and the building must include a description of the parts, common for exclusive use. It is necessary to measure each of these parts to make a plan that will show the measurements, area and volume of the common parts you use.

The surveyor to complete this document checks the following:

  • The conformity of the delimitation of the land with the titles, cadastral plans and survey documents consulted;
  • Description and positioning of the building, galleries, staircases, swimming pool, hedge, fences, shed, garage, etc… in order to verify their conformities;
  • Consultation of various municipal by-laws, easements and various laws affecting your right to property.

In order to realize such a document the land surveyor must carry out the following work:

  • Raised on the plot of the building, shed swimming pool. fences, landmarks, etc which are located on your land. We must also measure the capacity of several neighboring properties, in order to cover a sufficiently large territory to know the occupation of the premises. This work carried out according to the rules of the art requires a measurement of an average duration of three to four hours;
  • Surveyed on the lot of the interior of the apartment (s), of one or all the owners, as the case may be;
  • Searches in the Québec Land Registry online, to see titles, cadastral maps and information concerning surveying carried out on and near your property;
  • Consultation of various municipal by-laws, easements and various laws affecting your right to property;
  • Land surveys, field surveys, title information, cadastral maps and previous survey work, are all necessary to properly delimit the boundaries of your land;
  • LProduction of plans;
  • Report by the land surveyor, who analyzes and comments on all the work that has been done by his team.

The production of such a document requires an average of about 20 hours.

It is for this reason that your “Certificate of Localization” which dates from more than 10 years, can be to be redone. It is a very important document in the file regarding your property.

If problems are discovered during the certificate of location”, the land surveyor is there to guide you in the best resolution of these.


Expert witness at the court

If you need the opinion of the land-surveyor about a surveying subject, he can prepare for you a letter explaining his opinion about the situation.

In the case of a dispute between neighbours, the land surveyor may be called upon to testify, for his client, as an expert witness at the Court, at the request of his lawyer.


Technical description

The technical description describes the parcel of land that could be subject to an easement, special use right, encroachment tolerance, construction prohibition, or warranty Mortgage, etc.


Staking

Picketing is used to indicate the boundaries of a terrain by the laying of identified marks.

It is often the operation that must be done when a fence or a hedge is to be installed to ensure that it is within the boundaries of our land and not the neighbor. This is done in two steps. The first step consists of a field survey, followed by work in the office consisting of research into land titles, cadastral plans, old surveying documents and a land analysis. The second step consists in laying down the identified marks.

The marker is a metallic rod decorated with a medallion on which the name and the number of the land surveyor are inscribed. When a marker is impossible to place, an engraved mark will replace it. Benchmarks can not be used prior to the issuance of the picket certificate prepared by the land surveyor.

According to the Land Surveyors Act:

54. A person who deliberately and illegally erases, disturbs or moves a marker, geodetic monument, post, marker or other mark placed or implanted by a land surveyor in the performance of his duties is guilty of an offense and is liable Punishable under section 188 of the Professional Code (chapitre C-26).

1973, c. 61, s. 54


Implementation project

It is required for new construction or expansion of an existing building. This document is used by the municipality to ensure that construction will respect the margins set out in the zoning by-laws.

A plan describing the location of the future building is then given to the client for presentation to the municipality.


Subdivision project

It is required when an owner wants to split his land into several lots. This document is used by the municipality to ensure that the subdivision will meet the requirements of the subdivision bylaw.

A plan describing the subdivision is then given to the client for presentation to the municipality.


Expertise report

It is used when a person wants a professional opinion on a particular problem. It is provided as an explanatory letter.


Transformation in divided co-ownership – cadastral operations

Horizontal Cadastre (divided co-ownership):

This cadastral operation is used when the owner of a building of several dwellings wishes to separate it into parts, so that each of these parts becomes divided (for example, a six housing into two triplexes.)

The land surveyor must produce a plan that will give dimensions and area, and a separate lot number to each triplex. It will also assign a lot number for the common areas used for the two triplexes.

As part of this work, the land surveyor must apply for a subdivision permit to the municipality.

The plan is then sent to the Cadastre Department in Quebec City, so that the lot numbers are formalized. When they are formalized, a notary prepares the declaration of divided co-ownership. Once it is published, the land surveyor completes the file by providing a certificate of location for each of the triplexes and their common area.

Vertical Cadastre (divided co-ownership):

This cadastral operation is used when the owner(s) of a building wishes each dwelling or business to become divided that is to say, that they may be owned by separate owners and sold separately.

The land surveyor must then produce a plan that will give dimensions, area and volume and a separate lot number to each dwelling and or business. It will also allocate a lot number for common areas used for all dwellings and or businesses.

As part of this work, the land surveyor must apply for a subdivision permit to the municipality.

The plan is forwarded to the Cadastre Department in Quebec City, so that the lot numbers are formalized.

When the plan is formalized, notary prepares the declaration of divided co-ownership, used to set the quotas for each of the owners according to the apartment occupied.

Once the declaration of co-ownership has been published the land surveyor completes the file by providing a certificate of location for each unit (apartments, some have parking and storage in the unit) and the common Building as a whole common, outdoor space surrounding the building, some have parking and storage in the common area).

Correction or cadastral modification:

This operation is used to modify the cadastral plan preserved in the service of the Cadastre in Québec City, with the alm of correcting certain situations.

This may be a difference between cadastral measurements and actual measurements in the field, or it may simply happen that an error has occurred in the production of a cadastral plan. A corrected plan must be sent to the Cadastre Department in Quebec City, In order to restore the right measures.

Replacement:

This cadastral operation is used when the owner of a land wishes to separate it into several parts (for example, dividing it into three lots).

The land surveyor must produce a plan that will give dimensions and area, as well as separate lot number for each lot.

As part of this work, the land surveyor must apply for a subdivision permit to the municipality.

The plan is forwarded to the Cadastre Department in Quebec City, so that the lot numbers are formalized.

Transformation Into divided co-ownership:

This work is done when the owner of a building under construction or dwelling wishes each dwelling to be identified by a separate lot, to be sold separately as a condominium.

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